God's Covenant with David
Restoration & Praise
Christian Fellowship Center
Devotional Reading: Psalm 89:1-15
Background Scripture: 2 Samuel 7:1-16; Psalm 89; 1 Chronicles 22:6-8
LESSON SCRIPTURES: 2 Samuel 7:1-6, 8-10, 12-16
Exerted from: Standard Lesson Commentary KJV (2017-2018).
2 Samuel 7:1-16
1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the Lord is with thee.
4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying,
5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime.
12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
After participating in this lesson, each learner should be able to:
1. Summarize the key points in God’s covenantal promise to David.
2. Explain how Jesus brings that promise to its ultimate fulfillment.
3. Write a prayer that expresses a personal desire to serve God in a particular way and openness to a bigger plan God may have.
Presidents of the United States have many avenues for leaving legacies. One such is by means of the Presidential Libraries Act of 1955. This act established a system of libraries operated and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). At the beginning of 2016, the 13 presidential libraries that are maintained by the NARA contained over 400 million pages of printed materials, about 10 million photographs, over 15 million feet of motion-picture film, and nearly 100,000 hours of audio and video recordings.
It’s natural to want to leave our mark on earth in some lasting way. King David himself had a plan as to how he would do that. But the fact that he had “shed blood abundantly” as a “man of war” (1 Chronicles 22:8; 28:3) meant that God had a different idea.
The previous two lessons examined Scriptures dealing with God’s covenant with the nation of Israel. Today we move forward to the time of King David to consider another covenant God made—this one with the “man after [God’s] own heart” (Acts 13:22).
David was in very ordinary surroundings when Samuel came to Bethlehem to anoint a replacement for King Saul. The youngest of eight brothers, David’s viability as a candidate to be king was not seriously considered by his father, so Samuel pushed the issue: after none of David’s seven brothers proved to be God’s chosen, David was sent for and anointed as Israel’s next king (1 Samuel 16:1-13).
After Saul’s death, David became king of only the tribe of Judah, which he ruled for seven and a half years. When Saul’s son Ishbosheth was murdered, the way became clear for David to become king over the entire nation (2 Samuel 5:1-5). David proceeded to conquer the city of Jerusalem and bring the ark of the covenant there (5:6-10; 6:12-23). He also defeated the Philistines who had been a thorn in Israel’s side for some time (5:17-25).
While the above achievements were steps David took to solidify his reign, today’s lesson text records what God did to solidify that reign in a way David never could have imagined.
We Are David
On November 14, 1970, the Marshall University football team was returning from a game in North Carolina to the Marshall campus in Huntington, West Virginia. The charter plane they were on crashed, killing all 75 individuals on board. Those who perished included 37 players, head coach Rick Tolley, members of his coaching staff and the school’s athletic director, and 25 athletic boosters. In 2006 a movie was made to tell the story of that team and that tragedy. Its title was brief but compelling: We Are Marshall.
In a sense all Christians can say, “We are David.” True, few of us have had any experience watching sheep or fighting wild animals in defense of sheep. But what the Lord said to David in 1 Samuel 7:8, 9 could be applied to His treatment of any of us. God took us from what we were (lost, sinful) and made us part of His family. We did nothing to deserve such a status; what we deserved was condemnation. But Jesus, who had done nothing to deserve death, gave His life for us at the cross.
Paul states the contrast first by describing humanity’s sorry status: “dead in trespasses and sins . . . fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind” (Ephesians 2:1, 3). Then comes the welcome remedy: “But God, who is rich in mercy, . . . hath quickened us together with Christ” (2:4, 5). This is the same mercy that took David from the humble task of watching sheep to become Israel’s greatest king and the recipient of a very special covenant indeed.
While few of us have had any experience watching sheep, we have all had experience acting like sheep by “going astray” (1 Peter 2:25). And we have all been rescued by the good shepherd.
Father, thank You for the mercy You have shown us in Christ Jesus. We are so unworthy of such treatment; Your faithfulness is such a stark contrast to our unfaithfulness. May our lives each day reflect our awareness that we are not our own; we have been “bought with a price” (1 Corinthians 6:19, 20). In Jesus’ name, amen.
Thought to Remember
What God builds with us endures.
What we build without Him does not.
Standard Lesson Commentary KJV (2017-2018).